Biggest Bronze Age goddess statue found in central Turkey

Archaeologists have discovered an Early Bronze Age goddess figurine at the archaeological site of Kültepe in central Turkey. Since recent excavations began in 2018, the team has unearthed 35 figurines. At 17 inches high, this statue is the biggest found at the site, double the size of the next largest.

The figurine depicts a curvaceous woman seated on a throne. It is broken in two pieces — body to the shoulders and head — and is missing an object she was holding in her hand. The design of similar figurines suggests it may have been an animal.

[Ankara University professor Fikri] Kulakoglu said the goddess statue is being cleaned of dust to be displayed in a museum.

“This artifact is around 4,200 years old,” he said, adding that all of the statues, statuettes, idols found in Kultepe are women figurines.

“No idols of men have been found so far… the women statues are naked and have a decorated throne, and there are braids on their back,” he said.

Highlighting that the finding is unique, he said: “It is a very special piece for us… it is one of the most precious works showing religious beliefs of this region, of Kultepe.”

Kültepe was first settled in the Copper Age and was continuously occupied through the Roman era. Tens of thousands of cuneiform clay tables have been found from the Assyrian merchant colony built at the tell in the 20th century B.C. These are the oldest known surviving documents in Anatolia, and include the earliest record of Hittite words, or of any Indo-European language, for that matter. The goddess figurine dates to the earliest era of occupation. There are no written records from this period.

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6 Comments »

Comment by Trevor
2020-11-24 01:08:09

That is a very long neck for that statue.

 
Comment by Yahbut Yahbut
2020-11-24 05:24:24

Trevor, I think she’s probably wearing some kind of headdress.

 
Comment by Felicia
2020-11-24 10:41:23

The statue is missing an object she was holding and the design of similar figurines suggests it may have been an animal? An inscription would certainly help, but in all fairness, the missing animal can only be a cat:

“Kubaba” is the only queen on the Sumerian King List, roughly in the Early Dynastic III period (ca. 2500–2330 BC). In the early Hittite period, she was worshipped as a goddess. This deity later developed into the Phrygian matar kubileya (“mother Cybele”), who was depicted in petroglyphs and mentioned in accompanying inscriptions.

The Phrygian goddess otherwise bears little resemblance to Kubaba, who – according to Herodotus – was a sovereign deity at Sardis in Lydia. Her Lydian name was Kuvav or Kufav which Ionian Greeks initially transcribed Kybêbê, rather than Kybele; the 7th century BC poet Semonides of Amorgos calls one of her Hellene followers a kybêbos.

In Greek mythology, the Titans were the pre-Olympian gods. According to Hesiod, Rhea –yet another incarnation, at times notably sitting on a lion– had six children with Cronus: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. The philosopher Plato recounts that Rhea, Cronus and Phorcys were the eldest children of Oceanus and Tethys.

(From Rome) Cybele enthroned, including the lion, cornucopia, and mural crown:

upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Cybele_Getty_Villa_57.AA.19.jpg

 
Comment by clio90808
2020-11-24 10:45:30

very very cool

 
Comment by Trevor
2020-11-26 05:42:31

Ah yes, Yahbut Yahbut, I see what you mean, thank you :)

 
Comment by Emily Fatkins
2021-04-16 15:05:24

Your statue is doing yoga. Fertility goddess Inanna/Ishvatar. I have a similar statue from an estate. Would you like to see it ? Please reach out. Thankx.

 
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