Bronze Age Spiral is oldest gold object in southwest Germany

A gold spiral strongly reminiscent of a fettucine nest is the oldest precious metal object ever discovered in southwest Germany. It was unearthed last fall in the grave of a Bronze Age woman near the town of Ammerbuch-Reusten. The burial contained the skeletal remains of an adult woman buried in fetal position. Archaeologists found a single object: a small spiral ring made of gold wire. It was located about hip height and is believed to have been a hair ornament.

Archaeologists and students from the University of Tübingen and the Baden-Württemberg State Office for Monument Preservation removed the grave, bones and gold spiral, in a soil block for excavation and analysis in the laboratory. Radiocarbon dating of her bones dates the burial to between about 1850 and 1700 B.C., the Early Bronze Age.

The gold in the ring was composed of about 20% silver, less than 2% copper, traces of platinum and tin. This composition indicates the gold was alluvial in origin and the proportions points to the alloy’s source as the River Carnon in Conrnwall. The raw material from previous gold objects found in Europe from this period and earlier originated from southeastern Europe, so the spiral is remarkably early evidence of an expansive trade network in luxury goods in northwestern Europe.

The research team evaluates the new gold find from Ammerbuch-Reusten as evidence that Western cultural groups gained growing influence on Central Europe in the first half of the second millennium before our time. The women’s grave was not far from a group of other burials from the Early Bronze Age and is evidently related to the well-known hilltop settlement on the nearby Reustener Kirchberg.

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Comment by S. Locke
2021-05-26 03:02:21

My Dear Watson, ..a single small golden fettuccine nest of only 1cm in size (0.39inch) located about hip height is believed to have been a “hair ornament”? :confused:

OK, if the lady had three hairs only, it possibly was “hair ornament”. Otherwise, my assumption would be that it might have been some “pearl” –made e.g. from wood– that is now gone, leaving behind the “micro fettuccina”.

:hattip:

——–
PS: Likewise with tiny “fettuccine” –notably, made from GLASS(!)– there is the “Wallertheim Puppy” from Rhenish Hesse (2cm/0.79inch), recovered in an Iron Age child’s grave:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallertheim#Archaeology

upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9b/WallertheimerHuendchen.gif

 
Comment by clio
2021-05-26 11:13:44

beautiful! I want one!

 
Comment by S. Locke
2021-05-27 02:58:19

The “prehistoric hilltop settlement on the nearby Kirchberg” is to be found at 8°55’00.5″E, 48°32’29.9″N

That ‘settlement’, had later been replaced by a small medieval fortification –by now gone as well– and to my surprise, our little “micro-fettuccina” has already its own article.

According to that (as the real thing was inaccessible), the woman with the golden fettuccine (i.e. fettuccina) died young at 18-21 years of age and was only 1.60m tall.

:hattip:

upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c2/Schild_Burg_Kräheneck_Reusten.JPG

upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/22/Reusten_Kirchberg_01.jpg (View from Kirchberg)

de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goldring_von_Ammerbuch

 
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