Woman buried with heavy bronze jewelry found in in Siberia

The remains of a woman buried with a rich array of heavy bronze jewelry have been unearthed in what is now the  Republic of Khakassia, southern Siberia. The intact grave was discovered in the Askiz-17 burial ground and dates to the 8-10th century B.C.

She was found in a small, relatively shallow burial pit attached to the western side of a stone mound whose central grave had been pillaged centuries earlier. Only 30 inches deep, the pit managed to avoid being damaged or destroyed by the construction of highways and railroads that has taken a heavy toll on the visible structures of the prehistoric burial ground.

The woman was placed in a supine position with her head in a southeastern orientation. Animal remains — the shoulder blade and front leg of a large horned mammal — were tidily placed to the side of her left foot as funerary offerings. The broken blade of a bronze knife was laid next to them. A large round pottery vessel with an ornamented rim was placed next to her head. It is in fragments, smashed over time by the stone filling of the burial pit.

The bones are in poor condition, but they are still for the most part articulated in their original anatomical order. It is what her bones are wearing that identifies her as part of the Karasuk culture, skilled metal workers renown for their high-quality bronze cast in wax.

A large bronze bracelet with checkered ornament was placed above her wrist, four fingers of her left hand had large bronze rings, each with two pearl-shaped bronze decorations.

To each side of the woman’s skull were 3 temple rings; two triangle plates were next to her head.

By her right elbow archeologists found a round bronze plate, 9 centimetre in diameter, and 8 small bronze buttons.

Archaeologists believe this was a custom-made funerary set, not jewelry the woman would have worn during her lifetime. There are no signs of wear and tear, not even the small scratches you’d expect from any kind of use at all. The sheer weight of the jewelry would have made them uncomfortable and unwieldy to wear under regular ambulatory circumstances.

All pieces from the small buttons, which once adorned burial clothes that have long-since decomposed, to the massive bracelet are made in the same artistic style typical of the the Minusinsk Basin in the Late Bronze Age. They were likely cast to order from one foundry. Her entire outfit, clothes and jewels, was a matched set created by a single master bronzesmith to send the deceased off in a style befitting her wealth and high status.


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Comment by Jim
2021-09-20 06:36:55

Technically probably not “cast in wax”; rather cast in a lost-wax process.

Comment by Mungo Napier
2021-09-20 07:49:31


“Cast in wax” is something of a misonmer. I think what our host means is “lost wax casting”.

In this process an item is sculpted in a hard wax, adding the necessary gates and channels. Then the wax master is encased in clay which is then fired. The max melts and runs out through the gates. Now the artist has a hollow clay mould into which molten metal, in this case bronze, is poured and allowed to cool. Then the clay is broken away to reveal the desired metal object. It is finished by cutting away the gates and channels.

Yours Aye,

Lord Mungo Napier
Laird of Mallard Lodge 🦆 (SCA)

Comment by Yak Ochs
2021-09-20 08:07:02

“cast in lost wax”.

I mainly wonder –though– about those lost horns, as “the shoulder blade and front leg of a large horned mammal” were tidily placed to the side of her left hoof ..MOO! :evil:

PS: Those rings might work as bronze knuckles, so maybe -i.e. in lack of any other weapons- she was a ringer :yes:

Comment by Virginia
2021-09-20 12:52:44

Her bottom teeth appear to be in excellent condition. I wonder if they will have DNA testing.

Would the bronze jewels have been polished to shine like gold?

Comment by Jon
2021-09-20 14:38:33

The teeth may, but the rings will, now.

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December 2021


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