Fancy chariot and horse burial found in central China


Archaeologists have found four ancient chariots and the remains of nearly 100 horses buried in a tomb in Xinzheng City, Henan province, central China. The chariots date to the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.) and one of them in particular is an exceptional example of a luxurious vehicle with all the bells and whistles of the era. It’s huge, 2.56 meters (about 8’5″) long and 1.66 meters (about 5’5″) wide, and was elegantly appointed with bronze and bone decorations. The chariot has set a new record as the largest ancient horse-drawn vehicle discovered in Xinzheng City, which is saying something because more than 3,000 tombs have been unearthed in the area, including chariot and horse burials.

Scientists believe the tomb may have belonged to a noble family of the Zheng state (806–375 BC), which was a vassal kingdom that governed this part of central China during the Zhou dynasty (1100–221 BC). […]

The leader of the dig, Ma Juncai, told Xinhua that no written records have so far been uncovered at the site, making it unclear who the burial pit belonged to, but archaeologists think it likely to have been the funeral site for a Zheng lord.

The site was first excavated in 2001. Two pits were revealed by the dig back then, but work was interrupted for 16 years until archaeologists were finally able to return to the location and pick up where they left off in February 2017. Over the nine months they’ve been excavating, archaeologists have unearthed the skeletal remains of more than 90 horses in addition to the four chariots. Pit 3 is the largest of the three tombs, and boy did they need the space. Dig leader and Henan Province Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology archaeologist Ma Juncai estimates there are at least 100 horses buried here, but there could well be more. She believes there are more chariots yet to be unearthed as well.

A number of bronze artifacts have also been discovered in Pit 3. Archaeologists hope a thorough study of the bronze pieces will shed new light on the technological prowess and manufacturing methods of the period. They also hope the bronze artifacts might reveal more information about who was buried in the tomb, their social status and fill in some blanks about Zheng-era funerary practices.

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4 Comments »

Comment by Trevor Butcher
2017-11-23 03:12:54

With all those horses, it would be interesting if the DNA could be checked for diversity and relationships. Are the horses in different tombs related, do the horses in the area have the same diversity, and are they related?

 
Comment by George M. Cavalho
2017-11-23 14:44:03

… So to speak, Mama Horse, Papa Horse .. and -yes indeed- A whole Horse Dynasty.

Frankly, it would neigh me by surprise, if those kinds of horses had not been predominately Asian for the last Millions of years:

Horses tend to like steppe, and -unless nobody is making noodle soup in between- they happily run from one end to the other :boogie:

 
Comment by Emily
2017-11-24 03:51:57

Horses were introduced to China from Persia via the northern route through the Taklamakan Desert and Central Asia by the migrating groups from Persia known as the Tocharians in the 4-3rd centuries B.C.E. When the Taklamakan Desert was a lush green environment at that time, this group brought with them horses, bits, bridles, carriages, bronze weaponry, trousers, and celtic plaid clothing in a primitive weave. Confirmed by language analysis, the culture was absorbed into China, and their cities were established trade centers on the northern Silk Road routes.

 
Comment by BruceT
2017-11-26 12:56:37

You’re nearly a millennia late, Emily. Horses and chariots appeared in the Late Shang Period, starting roughly 1400 B.C.E. They were even placing horses and chariots in mound burials in this period, much like the steppe nomads to their north and west.

It’s not known exactly when, but horse nomads set up shop in the steppe region of the Great Bend of the Yellow River in the proto-historical period. Who knows what else is to be found out? Chinese archaeology is a book that has just barely been opened.

 
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