$5000 for the head of patron saint of genital diseases

The purported head of St. Vitalis of Assisi, a 14th century hermit and the patron saint of genital and urinary diseases, was sold at auction to an anonymous California phone bidder for €3,500 ($5,000). The estimated price range was between €800 (about $1,140) and €1,200 (about $1700), but as the news of the sale spread in the media — the words “patron saint of genital disease” have a lot of headline-making appeal — interest was piqued early. Auctioneer Damien Matthews received 100 bids before the sale even started, so the bidding opened well ahead of the top estimate at €2,400 (about $3,500). It took less than a minute for the Californian buyer to seal the deal at $5,000.

The purported head of St. Vitalis in its Queen Anne display caseThe skull is housed in a glass-faced Queen Anne case and belonged to the Anglo-Irish family of Annesbrook House in Duleek, County Meath, Ireland. The history of this macabre artifact is nebulous, but the story is that ancestors of the sellers acquired it on a Grand Tour of Europe during the 19th century and proudly set it in the entrance hall of Annesbrook House for all to see. Once they had children, however, they moved the head into an outbuilding where it gathered dust for decades. That’s where it was when Matthews found it while appraising articles for the upcoming sale.

As for the head itself, I don’t think it’s possible to confirm that it belonged to Saint Vitalis of Assisi, and in fact I think it’s more likely that it does not. The case is labeled “S. Vitalis M.” The “M” stands for martyr, and although there are several Saint Vitalises who died martyrs, the Assisi monk is not one of them.

He was a wayward youth, prone to brigandage and sins of the flesh, who saw the error of his ways and undertook to expiate his naughtiness by going on pilgrimages to the most important Christian sites in Italy, France and Spain. When he returned to his home in central Italy, Saint Benedict appeared to him in a dream and told him to follow his rule. Saint Benedict also got more specific and told him exactly which hermitage he should serve in.

He did as the dream told him and became a Benedictine monk assigned to the hermitage of Santa Maria of Viole, near the Benedictine monastery on the slopes of Mount Subasio, on the outskirts of Assisi. Vitalis lived there for 20 years in seclusion and poverty until his death. He wore rags and lived off the land. His sole possession was said to be a basket he used to carry water from a nearby spring. After his death on May 31, 1370 at 75 years of age, his body was buried on the spot. His reputation for saintliness drew many visitors who attributed miraculous cures to him. When he was canonized, May 31st was declared his saint day and he was made patron of genital and urinary diseases, perhaps because he had been more than passingly familiar with them in his youth.

The 'Deposition' by Dono Doni over the altar of St. Vitalis, in the Cathedral of San RufinoA church was built in Viole over his burial. His body remained in that church’s crypt until 1586 when the bishop of Assisi had it moved to the Cathedral of San Rufino in Assisi. There an altar was dedicated to him in the right transept of the church, decorated with a painting of the Deposition from the Cross by Dono Doni (1562-3). The left transept has an altar dedicated to St. Rufino, decorated with Dono Doni’s Crucifixion. I suppose the bishop wanted to double up on local saint power. These chapels are on either side of the central altar of the cathedral, under which the remains of St. Rufino are interred. Saint Rufino brought Christianity to Assisi, was its first bishop and patron saint, and was martyred in 238 by having a stone tied to his neck and being thrown in the Chiascio river.

In 2001, the remains of Saint Vitalis were moved one more time, in a solemn procession from San Rufino back to the Cathedral of Viole where they were re-interred under the major altar. At no point in any of these moves was there any recorded comment on a missing head. That’s not to say it couldn’t have been snatched and sold to Anglo-Irish grand tourists, but as far as the locals are concerned, their saint is intact.

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10 Comments »

Comment by edahstip
2011-05-30 23:20:38

Ask your doctor if St. Vitalis is right for you.

…and yeah, there was a HUGE business in fake relics in the Middle Ages. I remember reading somewhere that there are enough fragments of the ‘True Cross’ floating around to make three or four complete ones.

 
Comment by Edward Goldberg
2011-05-31 03:10:09

Hmmm…??? NOW,genital diseases aside, this is rather intriguing!I would love to know more about the “Anglo-Irish family” that acquired the relic of Saint Vitalis (not to be confused with the historic hair dressing that my father used). If they were “Anglo Irish” and went on the “Grand Tour”, the odds are that they were Protestant. And they put the relic in their entrance hall (for a little Grand Guignolesque shiver?), not in the family chapel (for devotion and saintly intervention). The reliquary certainly seems to be British/Irish (“Queen Anne”)not Italian. There is just about no information online regarding the history of Annesbrook House (except that the proprietor in the 1820s was “Henry Smith”…try a web search on “Henry Smith” some time!)

 
Comment by livius drusus
2011-05-31 03:21:11

Ask your doctor if St. Vitalis is right for you.

And your nards.

…and yeah, there was a HUGE business in fake relics in the Middle Ages. I remember reading somewhere that there are enough fragments of the ‘True Cross’ floating around to make three or four complete ones.

I have personally witnessed 4 index fingers of St. Thomas of doubting fame.

 
Comment by livius drusus
2011-05-31 03:43:14

Hmmm…??? NOW,genital diseases aside, this is rather intriguing!I would love to know more about the “Anglo-Irish family” that acquired the relic of Saint Vitalis (not to be confused with the historic hair dressing that my father used). If they were “Anglo Irish” and went on the “Grand Tour”, the odds are that they were Protestant. And they put the relic in their entrance hall (for a little Grand Guignolesque shiver?), not in the family chapel (for devotion and saintly intervention).

I assumed Annesbrook House was one of the plantations built from land confiscated by the British Crown, but Meath doesn’t seem to have been one of the heavily colonized counties. Like you say, I think they must have been Protestant to have treated it as a curiosity to be discarded when the kids came round.

The reliquary certainly seems to be British/Irish (“Queen Anne”)not Italian.

Right, but isn’t it odd that the relic is labeled S. Vitalis M. The S and the M (*snicker*) are Italian abbreviations but the Vitalis is English. Is there even a standard English abbreviation for martyr? I would have expected “St. Vitalis, Martyr” if the label was applied in England/Ireland, or “S. Vitale M.” if the label was on the case when they bought it abroad.

Also, what about that crazy crown of dried flowers on the skull? Are we to believe they bought the head with its flowers then schlepped it all over Europe until returning home and only then put it in a display case?

Something is rotten in County Meath, and it’s not just Brother Vitalis.

There is just about no information online regarding the history of Annesbrook House (except that the proprietor in the 1820s was “Henry Smith”…try a web search on “Henry Smith” some time!)

I know, right?! The website is all about how the estate is available for weddings and bar mitzvahs, but the history page is short on detail. You’d think that would be a selling point.

 
Comment by Edward Goldberg
2011-05-31 04:31:20

One would think that history would be a selling point…but not THAT HISTORY if you are in the Irish Republic. For a while, Irish nationalists were burning down the houses of the English Ascendancy. Then there was a policy of Malign Neglect (let the bloody things rot! Except for the Irish Georgian Society, in its Parallel Universe.)That, thank God, is no longer the case–due in large part to the relatively recent surge in upmarket “lifestyle tourism”. (People with platinum cards don’t do Pubs and Leprechauns.) But you can’t have Country House Hotels with golf courses and locavore restaurants if you don’t have Country Houses! But much of their history has been airbrushed out–at least for now–in favor of a vague nonsectarian past.

 
Comment by Edward Goldberg
2011-05-31 05:01:51

BY THE WAY, any guesses regarding the “successful bidder” in California? Will the next stop for San Vidál de Assisi be a narco death cult chapel in Sinaloa, patronized by an international businessman with a “health problem”?

 
Comment by Željka
2011-05-31 07:56:23

Omg, how many heads are out there in museums and private collections? :ohnoes: :confused:

 
Comment by Mr. Murphy in VA
2011-05-31 17:52:53

More than you might imagine.

 
Comment by Mr. Murphy in VA
2011-05-31 17:56:03

Just think what a stir this purchase and importation into the US might have had — if it were the skull of some indigenous person. I wouldn’t be surprised that it would be illegal.

 
Comment by edahstip
2011-05-31 18:13:28

I have personally witnessed 4 index fingers of St. Thomas of doubting fame.

Rude! :ohnoes:

 
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