Original The War of the Worlds drawings for sale

H.G. Wells first published his groundbreaking alien invasion story The War of the Worlds in serialized form in Pearson’s Magazine from April to December of 1897. The next year the first edition of the complete novel was published. It was an immediate success. Translated editions in Dutch, German, Polish, French, Russian and Italian followed in close succession, as well as several other English language editions, and while some of them had a smattering of graphic elements — the occasional tripod on the cover or title page — the first fully illustrated edition wasn’t published until 1906. It was this expensive special edition of only 500 copies that would influence the depiction of Wells’ creations for the next century.

The illustrator was Henrique Alvim Corrêa, a Brazilian artist who lived a short but intense and productive life. Alvim Corrêa was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1876 to a wealthy family. His father, a prominent lawyer, died when he was seven years old. His mother was remarried to banker José Mendez de Oliveira Castro in 1888, and in 1892, when Alvim Corrêa was 16 years old, the family moved to Lisbon before settling permanently in Paris a year later. In 1894 at the age of 18, he began his formal instruction in art under military painter Édouard Detaille. Military themes had been extremely popular in French art since the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) and Henrique followed in his master’s footsteps, exhibiting well-received military pieces in the Paris Salons of 1896 and 1897.

In 1898 Alvim Corrêa suddenly quit his studies, and against the wishes of his family married 17-year-old Blanche Fernande Barbant, daughter of engraver Charles Barbant, who was himself a successful illustrator of books by Jules Verne, among other authors. The newlyweds moved to Brussels and had their first child late that year. Cut off from his family’s financial support and connections in the art world, Alvim Corrêa had to scrape together whatever commercial work — advertisements, house painting — he could find to make do. By 1900 his finances were stable enough that he was able to move his family to the suburb of Boitsfort where he opened a studio.

Still little known as an artist, Alvim Corrêa hustled like crazy to get his work out there. He developed a style of strong contrasts and dynamic movement in drawing and painting, exploring surreal dreamscapes, caricatures, figures in action (military men, working women), landscapes real and fictional, themes of eroticism and violence individually and in combination. In 1903 he read The War of the Worlds and was inspired to draw his vision of Wells’ Martians which fit so handily with the recurring themes in his private work. Entirely unsolicited, Alvim Corrêa took his handful of drawings to London and showed them to Mr. Wells, who didn’t know him from Adam. The author was so impressed with the artwork that he invited Alvim Corrêa to illustrate the upcoming special edition of The War of Worlds by Belgian publisher L. Vandamme.

Alvim Corrêa returned to Boitsfort where he spent two years working on the illustrations. At the same time, he organized a solo exhibition of his own work which opened in 1905 and garnered him significant buzz. He went back to London that year to show Wells the finished group of 32 drawings. Wells loved them and in 1906, L. Vandamme published the large format luxury illustrated French edition of The War of the Worlds. Each of the 500 copies of the special edition was numbered and signed by Henrique Alvim Corrêa. Wells would say of the illustrations: “Alvim Corrêa did more for my work with his brush than I with my pen.”

Unfortunately his busy 1905 also included several months spent in Switzerland where he had surgery in the vain attempt to stop the tuberculosis that was laying waste to his lungs and intestines. He recovered from the surgery but not from the TB. That powerful drive of his could not overcome tuberculosis. He had to slow down his hectic work schedule considerably, but even a slowed down Alvim Corrêa continued to produce unique art, like Visions Erotiques, a collection of 20 erotic drawings entwining sex and death that he published under the pseudonym Henri Lemort (Henry the dead) in 1908. In 1910 he put together another exhibition of his work, this time alongside other artists’ pieces.

Working until the very end, Alvim Corrêa died in 1910 at the age of 34. He remained virtually unknown, even in his own country, outside of a small circle of rare book collectors and Wells connoisseurs. In the early 1970s Brazilian art historians brought him back into the light as a native son of great talent and innovation. Over the following decades his work, especially the Wells drawings, went on display at museums all over the country. His original drawings for The War of the Worlds remained in his family until 1990 when 31 of the original 32 were sold to a private collector, along with a poster announcing the special edition and a charming note Wells wrote to Alvim Corrêa in November of 1903 in which he told him he was “very glad indeed you like my Moon Men.”

That entire set is now on sale again at Heritage Auctions. Each piece is being sold in individual lots, with the letter being the least expensive at an estimated sale price of $500-$700, which is basically its autograph value. The estimate for the poster is $3,000-$5,000. The illustrations range from $5,000 to a high range of $25,000 for the title page. The collection all together could take in $500,000.

Such a shame it’ll be broken up, though. I hope some proper nerd buys the whole group and donates or loans it permanently to a museum. The 31 original artworks, poster and letter were displayed at the Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame’s inaugural The War of the Worlds exhibition in Seattle, Washington, from October 2004 to October 2005. That was the first (and last, as far as I know) time Alvim Corrêa’s drawings were exhibited in the United States. The museum is the passion project of Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, who could light his cigars with half a million dollars and has repeatedly proven himself unafraid to pour money into his love of history.


RSS feed


Comment by Charles Devine
2015-05-06 07:46:09

Le Mort. Oh my!

Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 15:20:53

Subtle, eh? I suppose when you’ve suffered from tuberculosis ever since you were a kid, you’re entitled to a little eros-thanatos fun.

Comment by Sarah Morgan
2015-05-06 08:55:23

Great post. Thanks you!

Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 15:22:07

Thank you! I love spreading the word about a great talent who has been underappreciated for a century.

Comment by Sarah Morgan
2015-05-06 08:56:34

Thanks you = Thank you (this is what I get for posting before seven a.m. :chicken:

Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 15:22:46

I often stick random esses on the end of words like that. All the cool kids are doing it. 😉

Comment by Stefan Gefter
2015-05-06 10:42:40


Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 15:24:10

Thank you!

Comment by GoryDetails
2015-05-06 11:07:43

Wonderful! I love War of the Worlds, but while I’ve seen some of those illustrations before I had no idea of the artist’s background.

Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 15:26:02

I didn’t either. I had to dig up Portuguese language resources to find anything beyond a few lines about his life. (I don’t speak Portuguese, but I have enough familiarity with other Romance languages to make sense of the online translator’s garbled interpretation.)

Comment by Charles Devine
2015-05-06 18:08:03

Thank you for posting this bit of history.

Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 22:10:28

Thank you for reading it.

Comment by bort
2015-05-06 22:01:00

I enjoyed War of the Worlds when I read it ONLY A COUPLE OF YEARS AGO. I love those illustrations where the walker is a bit off in the distance. It’s very Spielbergian – if you’ll allow that word.

I don’t know what to think of the erotique one. It confuses me a little.


Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 22:20:52

I will allow that word, because I’m quite sure it’s no coincidence. Some of the scenes in the Spielberg version are so similar to Alvim Corrêa’s drawings that it had to be deliberate.

As for the work of Lemort, perhaps it’ll help to remind yourself that Cupid is not in fact a baby, and that that giant skull is probably pretty comfortable for reclining purposes.

Comment by Stefan Gefter
2015-05-06 22:18:12

The urban legend about the ‘Fin’ image above is that HG Wells (right) insisted that H. Alvim Corrêa (left) add himself into the illustration as an homage to the artist’s amazing work. This will need to be researched, but apparently there was an interview in a French or Belgian newspaper at the time where HG Wells said of H. Alvim Corrêa, “He did more for [The War of the Worlds] with his pencil than I did with my pen.”

Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 22:44:13

I mentioned that quote in my article. One of the Portuguese sources I read said that Marie Christine Falkenhahn, great-granddaughter of Alvim Corrêa, claimed the final drawing was done in response to the quote, that Wells was reluctant to use the illustrations because they were better than his writing so Alvim Corrêa made the last drawing to emphasize his insignificance and the author’s importance. That finally persuaded Wells to allow publication. The story strikes me as patently false, likely the result of a generational game of telephone.

Comment by Stefan Gefter
2015-05-06 22:48:46

The legend came straight from the Corrêa family, who passed it on to the current owner of original artwork, who told it to me. As I said, the interview will have to be researched, but given what we know about H. Alvim Corrêa and his admiration for Wells, I’d say that that the story is plausible.

Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 23:04:39

The story you relayed and the one Falkenhahn relayed are different. She said that Wells wasn’t going to publish the illustrations until the “Fin” drawing stipulated to the author’s superior position. The tale you heard has the opposite impetus: Wells insisted the artist include himself as a tribute to his talents. That seems far more believable to me than the Falkenhahn version.

Comment by Stefan Gefter
2015-05-06 22:50:10

I blame my iPhone for any typos. 🙂

Comment by livius drusus
2015-05-06 23:05:22

I blame my extremely crappy proofreading skills. 😉

Comment by Stefan Gefter
2015-05-06 23:22:24

At its core, the art speaks for itself. If you’re interested in additional factoids, related links, family photos, etc., I invite you to visit my H. Alvim Corrêa fan page at https://www.facebook.com/groups/1487394314857769/. I made mention of your fantastic article. 🙂

Comment by Stefan Gefter
2015-05-06 23:27:35

At its core, the art does speak for itself. I have a H. Alvim Corrêa fan page on FB, if you’re interested in additional factoids, links, family photos, etc. I also mention your fantastic article. 🙂

Comment by Lauriana
2015-05-07 02:16:03

Great article! Thank you. I knew nothing about this artist but his work is amazing.

P.S. Stefan, if you happen to find the article you mentioned and it’s in Dutch, I’m happy to help and translate.

Comment by Stefan Gefter
2015-05-07 02:33:24

Thanks! Here are some possible places to look if anyone is interested in helping to prove or disprove the quote.:

“Le Mercure de France”,”Chronique” or “Le Journal de Bruxelles”

Comment by Stefan Gefter
2015-05-07 11:38:12

I found an early review of H. Alvim Corrêa’s work in the 1906 edition. Photos and translation on my FB group page. Enjoy!

Comment by Rachel
2015-06-06 14:09:11

These pictures are amazing, and so forward-thinking and groundbreaking in the design of the robotic martians and the ways their movement and weaponry is depicted. I showed this to a couple sic-fi/horror fan friends at work and their jaws dropped. Beautiful stuff.

Comment by livius drusus
2015-06-08 13:07:46

I came across the recent movie version of The War of the Worlds on tv the other night, and it made me appreciate Alvim Correa’s work even more in hindsight. While Spielberg clearly was inspired by the artist, he didn’t come close to conveying the dark living terror of his robots and Martians.

Comment by Cristina
2015-06-07 23:41:16

Hello! Excellent article. It is so hard to find information about Alvim Correa, even here in Brazil. Do you happen to know if he also produced “fashion drawings” as the ones used to illustrate ladies magazines? I have recently seen one drawing, signed, and could not tell it was his or not. Thanks in advance.

Comment by livius drusus
2015-06-08 13:04:11

I don’t know, I’m afraid. I did encounter a drawing of a fashionably attired woman, but I don’t know if it was a fashion plate for a magazine or just a drawing of his own. I suspect the latter. Most of the women in his art were nudes.

Here’s a pdf in Portuguese that is a biography of his life. I tried to figure it out using an online translator and my knowledge of Italian but obviously there was tons of information I couldn’t make heads or tails of. Perhaps it will be helpful to you since you can actually read it. 🙂

Comment by Stefan Gefter
2015-06-08 12:03:16

Hi All:
Just to let you know that there are 6 original Corrêa drawings that weren’t sold at the auction.

Comment by Cristina
2015-06-08 13:40:00

Thank you so much livius drusus. Yes, the archive of the Brazilian art historian who wrote this study (Alexandre Eulalio) belongs to the University where I teach (UNICAMP). He was a teacher here as well but passed away in 1988. However, his PDF you´ve sent me was written in the essay format (no footnotes, no clues of where he was getting his information from). He does thanks Alvim Correa´s family for letting him see letters, photographs and other documents, but dont´s say where these documents were. A puzzle indeed. May I help you with the Portuguese or translations, please feel free to ask (assure you my Portuguese is much better than my English :yes: )

Comment by Pedro Martins C. Xexeo
2015-12-29 05:35:30

I have one of the posters announcing the L. Vandamme&Co. edition ( 1906 ) of ” La Guerre des Mondes ” ( ‘ The War of the Worlds ‘ ).The pôster was given to me – in 1976 -by one of Henrique Alvim Corrêa’s two sons : Roberto Alvim Corrêa (Eduardo was the name of the other son ).

Name (required)
E-mail (required - never shown publicly)