Altar cloth may be sole surviving Elizabeth I gown

Speaking of Queen Elizabeth I, Historic Royal Palaces (HRP) curators think an altar cloth from St Faith’s Church in Bacton, Herefordshire, may be the only known surviving piece of one of the monarch’s famously elaborate gowns. There is no conclusive proof that the cross-shaped piece of fabric once belonged to the queen herself, but there’s very solid circumstantial evidence.

The altar cloth has belonged to the small rural church for centuries. The richly embroidered cloth, long rumored to have a connection to the Virgin Queen, stopped being used as altar cloth and was placed in a glass display case in 1909. The church received it from Blanche Perry, daughter of a Welsh nobleman who was born in Bacton and became one of the queen’s most loyal and longest serving ladies. Brought to court by her aunt Lady Troy who Henry VIII appointed Lady Mistress to his children Prince Edward and Princess Elizabeth, Blanche was Elizabeth’s attendant for 57 years, ultimately rising to the exalted rank of Chief Gentlewoman of Queen Elizabeth’s most honourable Privy Chamber and Keeper of Her Majesty’s jewels, a role she held from 1565 until her death in 1590.

An epitaph she wrote for her funerary monument at St Faith’s describes her lifelong dedication to the Princess and later Queen Elizabeth, “whose cradle saw I rocked, her servant then as when she her crown achieved and remained til death my door had knocked…. A maid in court and never no man’s wife, sworn of Queen Elizabeth’s head chamber always with the Maiden Queen a maid did end my life.” She commissioned the monument at the time of her planned retirement (1576-1577), but she never did retire. She was Chief Gentlewoman until the end, after which the Queen had her buried with much pomp in St. Margaret’s, Westminster. Only her heart made it back to St Faith’s, her heart and a beautiful piece of fabric.

Experts from the Historic Royal Palaces asked to examine the textile last year. They identified it as an Elizabethan skirt panel from the late 16th century, and not just any skirt panel, but one of royal quality. It is cream silk woven through with silver thread with embroidery in colored silks, gold thread and silver thread. It was embroidered with florals — columbines, daffodils, roses, honeysuckle, oak leaves, acorns, mistletoe — and animals — birds, dragonflies, butterflies, caterpillars, frogs, fish, dogs, stags, squirrels. There are also miniature boats being rowed by tiny humans. This was professional embroidery of the highest standard.

The sumptuary laws explicitly reserved such rich garments for members of the immediate royal family. A single gown could cost the equivalent of labourer’s yearly income. Curators believe it was a gift from the Queen to Blanche Parry, a rare, valued gift that was a token of the Queen’s high esteem, love and friendship. Queen Elizabeth didn’t give away her dresses very often, and no garments from her royal wardrobe have survived, only accessories. This section is the only piece of fabric known that is likely to have come from a gown of Elizabeth’s. It survived because it was treated with reverence, very quickly converted into an altar piece and treated with utmost care for the next four centuries.

The HRP curators have removed it from its frame and frozen it to kill any critters that might have been gnawing on its delicate fibers. Conservators will now analyze it and recommend a course of action that will preserve it in the long term. After it is conserved in the laboratories of Hampton Court, HRP hopes it will go on public display. St Faith’s is still the undisputed owner, however, so they’ll have to determine where it will be exhibited in the long-term. One possibility is that a replica will be made for the church, while the original is kept in the security and ideal conservation conditions of the Historic Royal Palaces.

8 thoughts on “Altar cloth may be sole surviving Elizabeth I gown

  1. WAY cool!! As impressive as this is to my eyes, it must have been astonishing to ordinary folk of the day.

    Having dabbled (not so successfully) in embroiderly myself, I am in awe of the quality of the work. Gorgeous!

  2. Amazing! Elizabeth I is one of my favorite historical figures and to see this is fascinating. If only more of her fabulous wardrobe had survived…

  3. Interesting find, but what exactly identifies a “skirt panel”, i.e. is there front and back and, if this piece is a skirt, is there something like a “collar” ? Was there possibly an Elizabethan Spongebob Squarepants, or is this “just” a piece of royal quality cloth ? By just looking at it, it must have indeed coated something rectangular like an altar. Was “cream silk” cloth possibly imported from Italy ?

    In the diocesan museum in Bamberg cathedral one has the opportunity to see a cloak that Melus of Bari gave to Holy Roman Emperor Henry II in 1020 AD. The embroidery on there is original, while in around 1454 the remaining underlying crimson silk got pepped up with silk from Italy. PAX ISMAHELI (i.e. Melus) QVI HOC ORDINAVIT – Unfortunately there are no inscriptions on the St Faithโ€™s cloth.

  4. No where in the article does it confirm that it definitely belonged to Elizabeth, there is just some very firm evidence that this may be the case. If you have ever sewn a skirt, (I have, numerous times) you would know from the pattern that the bottom of the panels are not cut straight, they are slightly rounded. And from news articles I read about this parts of the embroidery (embroidery is one of my hobbies) indicate that the panel (before it was cut into the rectangular pieces for the altar cover) indicate that the panel was once rounded at the bottom. The embroidery is silk and silver (called goldwork embroidery when done with gold wire) on silk fabric and looks similar to a dress worn in a painting (Rainbow portrait) of Elizabeth. They can even speculate who did the embroidery, Elizabeth only had two official court embroiderers (both men)for her clothing, John Parr and William Jones. Yes court women then did embroider, but generally for pleasure (like the book cover done by Elizabeth for her step-mother) and did not have time to spend a year stitching a dress like that. The woman who helped make the discovery will be publishing a book, Tracy Borman is her name, and the book will be about the Tudors. Borman was doing research for her book when she brought the cloth (on display in the church) to public attention. The church has believed for enturies that it was given to Parry from Elizabeth. Records at Hatfield (Elizabeths home)indicate that Parry received many gifts like this from Elizabeth because Blanche was born in the (tiny) town where they found the cloth and spent her life (never married) as a lady in waiting to Elizabeth. There is also records that Blanche wanted to be buried (empty tomb for her there)in that church but was not. Back then people did not just toss anything out, dresses like (silk and silver wire was not just scrapped) that were given away or cut up and used for other things. Tudor law indicated that fabric this sumptuous could only be worn by royals. The choir stalls in the church indicate they were older (15th century) from an Abbey where Blanches papa was the Steward and an abbey dissolved by Henry the 8th, so obviously her family cared a lot about that church. There is also a monument commissioned by Perry which is known to be the earliest representation of Elizabeth as Queen. There is tons of circumstantial evidence, and I do plan to buy the book when I can find it to learn more.

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