Chagall’s America Windows return to Chicago Art Institute

The monumental stained glass windows created by Marc Chagall for the Art Institute of Chicago were returned to public view today after 5 years. They were removed from their spot in the Marc Chagall Gallery overlooking McKinlock Court in May 2005 to keep them safe from the vibration and dirt during the construction of the new Renzo Piano-designed Modern Wing which opened last year.

While they were in storage, the museum’s conservation team took advantage of the opportunity to deep clean the 36 panels. After nearly 30 years, the windows had developed a white film from atmospheric pollutants that muted their deep color. It was like looking at the street through a dirty windshield. So the conservators whipped out their Q-tips, baby shampoo and water and revealed the original brilliance of the windows.

Chagall's America Windows

Marc Chagall (French; b. Byelorussia, present-day Belarus, 1887-1985) first conceived of the idea for the America Windows in 1974 when he visited Chicago for the unveiling of his mosaic in the First National Bank Plaza. At that time, Chagall learned that a gallery in his honor was being planned as part of the Art Institute’s 1970′s expansion program and offered to create the windows for the gallery. After working on the windows’ design, Chagall announced that the theme for the windows would be the American Bicentennial, and, when he learned of Mayor Richard J. Daley’s death in 1976, he decided that the windows would also serve as a memorial to the late mayor.

Chagall designed the America Windows expressly for the Art Institute and created them in collaboration with the French stained-glass artist Charles Marq. Marq fabricated 36 colored glass panels to Chagall’s specifications, and Chagall himself painted his design onto the glass using metallic oxide paints that were permanently fused to the glass through a subsequent heating process. The windows, measuring more than eight feet in height and more than 30 feet in width, are each made up of three parts, each with 12 separate sections. The images on the panels are unmistakably from the hand of Chagall, who infused his landscape of familiar American icons, references to Chicago, and symbols of the fine arts with an ethereality that suggests the creative expansiveness made possible by American freedom and liberty.

Sloane and Ferris romancin' in front of Chagall's America WindowsThe America Windows have been a huge draw ever since. An estimated 38 million viewers enjoyed the windows between their 1977 dedication and 2005 removal. Museum staff were peppered with requests for them during the long 5 years of their absence. Also, Ferris and Sloane kissed in front of them during the art museum sequence in Ferris Bueller’s Day Off, so you know fan pilgrimages have been involved.

Now that they’re back, they’ve been placed in a new location — the east end of the Arthur Rubloff building — and reframed according to Chagall’s original plan, which apparently focuses the light in a special way.

Edit: Here’s a breathtaking video by artist and blogger Shellie Lewis of the refreshed Chagall America Windows looking like they might explode from their own beauty:

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Comment by Hels
2010-11-02 02:05:21

I didn’t realise that Chagall designed the America Windows specifically for the Art Institute. He was wonderful, wasn’t he?

But that he created them at all, even in collaboration with the French stained-glass artist Charles Marq, is remarkable. If I was 90, I would be resting in the sun in a rocking chair.

Comment by livius drusus
2010-11-02 12:42:03

He was incredibly spry. Right before he started work on the America Windows in 1974, he was in Reims inaugurating the installation of six lancet windows and three rose windows in an axial chapel in the Cathedral of Reims. Yes, the church where the kings of France were crowned. That’s one hell of a daunting project at any age.

Comment by rwmg
2010-11-02 02:43:57

Over the weekend the Guardian had an article about the history and science of stained glass.

Comment by livius drusus
2010-11-02 12:43:43

Ooh, fascinating! Thank you for the link. :hattip:

Comment by edahstip
2010-11-02 17:23:32

Pretty! livius, there’s some interesting stained glass in your city that’s worth checking out. It’s in a bad neighborhood though. PM if you want info.

Comment by Shellie Lewis
2010-12-14 01:04:33

Wonderful post, I reblogged it for 12/14/10 on my blog to accompany a short video on this subject at

Comment by livius drusus
2010-12-14 01:09:52

Amazing video. A. May. Zing. The glow from the windows just takes my breath away. Thank you so much for taking it and linking me to it. :notworthy:

Comment by livius drusus
2010-12-14 01:17:20

I updated the blog entry to link to your sites and embed the video. Thanks again for posting it. For those of us who don’t have the opportunity to visit it, this is as close as we get. :thanks:

Comment by Shellie Lewis
2011-02-12 00:02:19

You’re super welcome! The “as close as we get” idea is why I make the videos. It will always be secondary to the actual art work, but it is better than nothing. For me, the video imagery is more similar to viewing something in person, maybe because of the movement. Our eyes are rarely still for long; a photograph is more static than video.

Comment by larisa
2011-05-06 08:42:35

Dear Shellie Levis,
Thank you for this amazing video. May I ask you a question? Are there any lamps back of the windows?

Comment by Jay
2013-11-28 23:06:41

The music isn’t right for the video. It doesn’t work with Chagall

Comment by John
2014-09-21 05:24:29

I think the music is perfect with the work
Is it possible to send me the name.

thanks in advance

Comment by paula schut
2014-12-15 16:02:02

nice video,interesting ,leuke video , ben geinteresseerd in kunst , maak zelf ook kunst en heb een chagall bijbel, mijn zus heeft een echte chacall in huis.

Comment by Joseph
2015-01-29 21:45:01

Thank you for writing the post and the lovely introduction to Marc Chagall’s work. I would like to enquire if we can use the photo “Chagall America’s Windows” as shown in this blog.

We will be happy to photo credit the photographer if the photos are free to use. If you would like to discuss anything further, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

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