A 1906 verbal gypsy fortune teller machine in the gold rush ghost town of Virginia City, Montana, is being tussled over by private collectors, the state, historians and citizens. The fortune teller machine is one of no more than three remaining that used a recording to “speak” fortunes to whosoever fed it a nickel. Magician and collector of historic penny arcade games David Copperfield thinks it may be the only one of its kind remaining, and of course he wants to buy it. He’s not the only one.
Until recently the fortune teller machine lived in relative obscurity, one dusty game artifact among the multitude collected by General Mills heir Charles Bovey. It was Bovey who began to buy up properties in Virginia City in the 1940s so they could be restored and the town kept intact as living Montana history. He did the same for neighboring gold rush ghost town Nevada City. He dedicated thirty years of his life to preserving the state’s 19th century history, and while he was it, he used the buildings to store his ever-burgeoning collection of antique games and musical machines.
Founded in 1863 as a gold rush boomtown, just two years later Virginia City had a population of 10,000 and was made capital of the newly created Montana Territory. Population followed the gold, though, and that was already moving west towards Helena. In 1875 the capital was moved to Helena where it remained when Montana joined the Union as a state in 1889. In 1942, the last mine in the area closed. Bovey jumped on the opportunity and start buying.
That boom and bust cycle not only makes Virginia City a classic example of a gold rush town, but it also ensured there was little interest in knocking down old buildings to make new ones. Bovey was able to restore a great many structures from the first decade or so of Virginia City’s life. Of almost 300 structures in town, almost half were built before 1900. The largest proportion of the 200 historic buildings in town date to the 1870s, and even the later construction is of great historical value in that it illustrates the growth and decline of frontier mining-dependent communities.
Virginia City was designated National Historic Landmark on July 4, 1961. Charles Bovey continued buying and restoring until his death in 1978. After that, his wife Sue and son Ford continued to preservation and restoration efforts until Ford sold Virginia City and Nevada City, properties, land and contents, to the State of Montana for $6.5 million in 1998. Since then, Virginia City has been under the aegis of the Montana Heritage Preservation Commission.
Bovey’s historical games and machines stayed in town, adding to its tourist appeal. There are hundreds of thousands of these games, most of them in curatorial storage. The fortune telling machine was used by visitors through the early 1970s when its deteriorating condition necessitated its removal to storage. It was put back on display in 1999, but it was for looking only, no touching. Conservators finally began to restore it to function in September of 2004, finishing in June, 2006. In 2008, the gypsy returned to public display (again, no touching allowed) in the Gypsy Arcade, a turn-of-the-century gadgetry museum on Virginia City’s main street.
It was that successful restoration that brought the fortune teller to the attention of collectors. Around that time, Copperfield approached the Montana Heritage Commission offering a reported $2 million for the machine, including enough money to replace the gypsy with another non-verbal historical fortune telling machine for display purposes. They turned him down.
The pressure is back on now, though, because like most every other state-supported institution, the Heritage Commission has been kneecapped by budget cuts. You know it’s a bad sign when your curator of collections, Janna Norby, gets laid off due to budget cuts just two weeks after giving the AP a great quote for their article about the gypsy: “If we start selling our collection for money, what do we have?”
Thankfully she’s not alone in her sentiments. The current staff, skeleton though it may be, of the Heritage Commission insist that they would never sell of any of the antiques under their stewardship. This makes the private collectors grumpy because they think they can do a much better job of maintaining it and conserving it using the latest technology money can buy. Collector and restorer Theo Holstein is putting together a consortium of private collectors to bid $3 million for the gypsy. David Copperfield is revving back up to bid too, and those figures being bandied about could go even higher into the stratosphere.
Since the Montana Heritage Commission is overseen by the state Department of Commerce, which, needless to say, has slightly different priorities involving commerce rather than preservation, those millions of dollars just might be enough to pry the gypsy away from Virginia City after all. Don’t worry, though. If it disappears into a private collection never to be seen by the public again, Theo Holstein assures us that sale would be the equivalent of rescuing a precious gemstone from the dark bowels of a mine.
“They don’t have any idea what they have. It’s like they have the world’s best diamond and they just pulled it out of their mineshaft. It’s good that it’s there and it survived, but now it really needs to be part of the world.”
Part of the world = hidden forever in some rich guy’s creepy basement gameland.
10 thoughts on “State, collectors vie for Gypsy fortune teller machine”
“Part of the world”??? Amen, LD! You said it!
That is prize-winning mindwarp on the part of Mr. Holstein. I have spent forty years studying the history of art collecting and I even did a brief stint in the present-day art market (“present day” = twenty years ago). The one thing I learned is that avid collectors are a race apart. They are simply NOT LIKE OTHER PEOPLE. On a related matter: If the Virginia City Museum of Fine Arts started popping their Raphaels and Rembrandts, I am sure that no one would give a damn. But surely there would be a political price to pay for alienating a piece of Sacred Americana with strong local connections – and one that holds enormous appeal for the public?
I think there’s definitely an Americana, link-to-our-roots element. The gold rush ghost town is an iconic emblem of US history and mythology, but one that’s still very much present in the reality of Virginia City, which still has full-time residents, after all, 150 at last count. Great Masters didn’t spring from that dusty soil and dark mineshaft. Now, if the Virginia City Museum of Fine Arts was the restored home of the town’s leading struck-it-rich parvenu who had decked out his Victorian manse in the greatest glories of the Old Country, then I bet there would be a similar political price to pay for their sale. It’s all about degrees of separation.
Wow, that is why I read this blog every day. The variety of subjects and extremely interesting finds are always really interesting and entertaining. Look forward to tomorrows post!
Thank you kindly. Credit to my readers who this week tipped me off to this story and the penis tree one.
Cool. Now I know why it wasn’t on display when I went there to shoot video a few years ago.
It’s cool that you got some video of Virginia City, though, even gypsyless. Did you shoot inside the Gypsy Arcade?
From thedesk of the “former” Curator of Collections!
Thank you for your kind thoughts and praise. I was with the Commission for 8 years, and though I was axed with little grace and no kindness, I still stand behind my words and actions…glad to know that there are still like minds in the world. And having spoke to Mr. Holstein numerous times…you are correct he is Creepy…capital C. Great Story!
Thank you so much for commenting! It’s great to get the inside scoop from the people actually involved first hand in these stories. Plus, now we get to express our gratitude to you for your meritorious service. The pencil pushers who hoisted you out the door may not have appreciated your dedication and commitment, but we history nerds certainly do. :thanks:
Ms. Norby, I echo the appreciation for your work, and hope you find a way to continue in some other place in need.
It is now 2014 and is there any “new” news of the fortune telling lady in virginia city, montana?