Mark your calendars: Richard III results on Feb. 4th

Remember back in the salad days of late August 2012 when a team of archaeologists from the University of Leicester began digging a couple of trenches to see if they could locate the Greyfriars church where King Richard III was buried after his defeat and death at the Battle of Bosworth? Sure, there was some talk of looking for the remains of the king, but it was a goof almost, since nobody in their right mind would believe that the king whose body had reputedly been dragged through the town and thrown into the Soar River during the dissolution of the monasteries 475 years ago was even there to be found, never mind that his location could be pinpointed in a two-week two-trench dig.

Then weird stuff started happening. Everything went right. Things got found, things leading to other things being found and locations pinpointed so that a third trench was dug and the excavation time extended. On September 12th it all came to a (cleaved) head. A press conference was called to announce the discovery of human remains: a male skeleton with scoliosis, perimortem slicing to the back of the head and a barbed arrowhead between two vertebrae of his spine.

The evidence strongly suggested that these were indeed the mortal remains of the last Plantagenet king and the last king of England to die in battle, but despite its strength it was still circumstantial. Only DNA can prove beyond any doubt that this is the skeleton of King Richard III, and extracting DNA from archaeological remains is a tricky business. DNA molecules degrade over time, nuclear DNA at twice the rate of mitochondrial DNA, so getting testable samples from a skeleton that has been buried for almost 530 years is not always possible. Even if DNA can be retrieved from protected areas like inside the teeth or the bone, just breathing on it can be enough to contaminate a sample with modern DNA.

Genealogical researchers located someone they think is a direct descendant of Richard III’s sister Anne through the female line. Assuming they’re right, if a clean sample of mtDNA were extracted from the skeleton it could be compared to that of Michael Ibsen, 17th generation nephew of Richard III. To ensure the best possible conditions, the University of Leicester lab is testing the modern DNA while a laboratory that specializes in sampling and testing ancient DNA is extracting the DNA from the skeleton.

That’s not all. The skeleton has also been given a CT scan so that a 3D digital image of the man can be constructed similar to the one that produced the face of King Tut in this post. Researchers have collected samples of the dental calculus from his teeth to find out more about his diet and health, as per the technique described in this post with the extremely gross picture. The skeleton is being radiocarbon dated in two separate labs. Forensic pathologists are examining the bones to hopefully determine the cause of death, and experts in medieval weaponry are lending their expertise to narrow down what sharp implement might have caused the damage to the back of the skull.

At the September press conference, the team estimated that the DNA results could take as long as 12 weeks. Twelve weeks ended on December 5th, but no results were forthcoming. There were rumors swirling about that the University of Leicester was deliberately holding back evidence so that they could release it in conjunction with an upcoming documentary on the discovery to air on Britain’s Channel 4, rumors the University strenuously denied.

Well, the wait is almost over now. On Monday, February 4th, at 10:00 AM GMT, the University of Leicester will reveal the results of their tests and investigation at a press conference. The University won’t be streaming it live, but press outlets will be present and cameras will be rolling, so we’ll probably be able to follow via BBC livestream like last time.

I was up at the crack of dawn, high on nerdrenaline, to liveblog the last press conference, so as long as there’s video to follow, you know I will be this time too. Meanwhile, there’s a Google + group you can join to keep abreast of all Richard III-related news.

Oh, and that documentary which the University of Leicester was definitely not holding back information to be in sync with just happens to be airing on Monday evening. Richard III: The King in the Car Park debuts on Channel 4 at 9:00 PM GMT.



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Comment by Linda
2013-02-02 00:04:47

I am eagerly awaiting the outcome! Will be one of the most exciting discoveries in recent history if it turns out to be true.

Comment by livius drusus
2013-02-02 02:34:46

To say the least. It’ll be like an archaeological fairy tale, a crazy, wild, unbelievable dream come true.

Comment by Urspo
2013-02-02 00:54:13

how exciting !

Comment by livius drusus
2013-02-02 02:33:30

It sure is. I can’t wait!

Comment by Diana Garcia
2013-02-02 02:25:27

I really like this blog. But who writes it, is it just one person or are there various individuals who post on to this History Blog?

Thank you,
Diana G.

Comment by livius drusus
2013-02-02 02:30:55

Just me so far. I’ve contemplated having guest bloggers review museum exhibits and other nifty events I can’t get to, but it hasn’t happen yet. Thank you for liking the blog. :thanks:

Comment by Virginia Burton
2013-02-02 06:05:52

Do you think that his reputation will finally be salvaged? After I read Josephine Tey’s “The Daughter of Time” I felt I personally owed him an apology for believing all the lies that have been told about him. Surely with this much publicity, there will be renewed interest in the historical facts of his reign, rather than the lies of the Tudors.

Comment by livius drusus
2013-02-02 20:19:12

I think there’s the massive interest in the discovery has already inspired people to revise their Shakespearean assumptions about Richard. If the skeleton is confirmed to be him, I am certain there’s going to be an avalanche of new scholarship taking a fresh look at the maligned king.

Comment by Allison
2013-02-02 14:27:36

Already on my calendar, in thick black ink! And the phrase “high on nerdrenaline” – love it!

Comment by livius drusus
2013-02-02 20:16:58

That’s because you clearly know what a great high it is. :boogie:

Comment by Lapinbizarre
2013-02-02 17:35:53

So you’ll be live blogging?

Comment by livius drusus
2013-02-02 20:13:21

I wouldn’t miss it for the world.

Comment by theduckthief
2013-02-02 18:05:20

I am counting the days!

Comment by livius drusus
2013-02-02 20:19:47

Less than two to go!

Comment by Lapinbizarre
2013-02-03 02:48:23

Appears from the view of the skeleton, 32 seconds into the YouTube video, that there may be damage to the left-hand side of the jawbone. :skull:

Comment by Dan
2013-02-03 09:09:51

The press conference will be at 5 a.m. for early birds on the East coast, 2 a.m. for night owls on the West Coast. The anticipation is going to drive me nuts.

Comment by LadyShea
2013-02-03 17:35:32

I am not probably getting up that early, but look forward to it.

“The Daughter of Time” was mentioned, does anyone have any other recommendations to learn about Richard III (that is entertaining and informative please)?

Comment by Penny
2013-02-03 18:58:22

I have a 12 hour day tomorrow so I don’t think I’ll be watching the news unfold live (tempting as it is!), but you can bet this is the fist page I’ll look at when my alarm goes off bright and early tomorrow.

Comment by Penny
2013-02-03 19:03:16

And I just need to add omigosh, omigosh, omigosh!! I’m so excited! I’ve been checking in on the news of the dig through the fall and winter!!

Comment by kristine
2013-02-03 21:19:36

Having been a Ricardian for 40 years, I just love the above comments. We are all so excited. Being in Colorado I doubt if I’ll be up, but getting onto websites will come even before coffee. Plan on having 2 computers going so I can try and catch up.

Comment by Dan
2013-02-03 21:58:44

If for some reason you can’t find a live video feed of the news conference, this page has some alternative ways to get information as it’s released:

Comment by Laura
2013-02-04 01:08:49

Has anyone seen documentation in the form of source records ( well facsimiles thereof) showing this unbroken line of descent genealogically? As an anthropologist/ geneticist my toes are tingling. As a genealogist, there must be supporting written records, and they must match. There were a lot of Plantagenets, and seventeen generations, back to before the year 1500, is sort of beyond the genealogical pale even for European royals.

Comment by livius drusus
2013-02-04 04:28:54

I have not seen any documentation of the Ibsen genealogy. As far as I know, it has not been published. Perhaps they’ll make some comment on the issue during the press conference.

Comment by livius drusus
2013-02-04 06:40:57

This video has a little more information on the genealogical elements, but it doesn’t have the full documentation you were looking for. However the case it pretty much proven, I think, given the mtDNA results from both the maternal lines and the skeleton.

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